Using lando + bedrock for a wp multisite setup in a subdirectory

So I just spent a long time fiddling around with the configuration of lando recipes, trying to get a multisite installation running correctly for local development. I thought I write it all down here in case someone else is searching for these, as I couldn’t find a post with lots of detail myself.

I’m assuming lando is installed on your local machine, and you are using a bedrock WordPress installation.

Basically what has to be changed compared to a single site setup:

  1. Add custom nginx vhosts configuration for the lando webserver container
  2. Add some multisite environment variables

Adding a custom configuration to the nginx webserver

In order for this setup to work properly for wp multisite the webserver needs to map the bedrock specific /wp app path on different versions.

I found the default vhosts configuration file via https://github.com/lando/cli/blob/main/plugins/lando-recipes/recipes/wordpress/default.conf.tpl

This needs slight modification to work with in a multisite setup.

...
  #Add above first location block
  if (!-e $request_filename) {
    rewrite /wp-admin$ $scheme://$host$uri/ permanent;
    rewrite ^(/[^/]+)?(/wp-.*) /wp$2 last;
    rewrite ^(/[^/]+)?(/.*\.php) /wp$2 last;
  }
...

I’ve added the block above to the default.conf.tpl file, which comes from the default nginx WordPress configuration from trellis. Now you can save this and move it to a new folder in the site directory. I’ve moved it into a new folder called lando-conf.

In the .lando.yml file add the following config section

...
config:
  php: '7.4'
  via: nginx
  config:
    vhosts: lando-conf/default.conf.tpl
  webroot: web
  database: mariadb
  xdebug: true
...

Note here that you only have to add the second config section, right below via: nginx

This should now load the customized config.

Next, you have to add the following variables to the .env file

# .env
# FOR LANDO DEVELOPMENT
DB_NAME=wordpress
DB_USER=wordpress
DB_PASSWORD=wordpress
DB_HOST=database

WP_ENV=development
WP_HOME=http://example.test
WP_SITEURL=${WP_HOME}/wp
MULTISITE=TRUE
WP_ALLOW_MULTISITE=TRUE
DOMAIN_CURRENT_SITE=example.test

The new ones are MULTISITE, WP_ALLOW_MULTISITE and DOMAIN_CURRENT_SITE.

Now that this is done, you can proceed and create the containers for lando.

  • run lando start

If you check the page now it will show an error that it can’t establish a database connection, it’s because a multisite setup needs additional configuration

Setup the multisite network via wp cli

  • run lando wp core multisite-install --url=example.test --admin_user=admin --admin_password=admin --admin_email=test@example.com --title="test site" --skip-email --skip-config

So this should be it, you should have a working wordpress multisite setup running from lando containers.

2 Likes

Forgot to mention that for this to work the variables in .env will have to be loaded in the bedrock applications config file (site/config/application.php or the environment specific config to try out things).

#site/config/application.php


/* Multisite */
...
Config::define('WP_ALLOW_MULTISITE',  env('WP_ALLOW_MULTISITE'));
Config::define('MULTISITE', env('MULTISITE'));
Config::define('SUBDOMAIN_INSTALL', false);
Config::define('DOMAIN_CURRENT_SITE', env('DOMAIN_CURRENT_SITE'));
Config::define('PATH_CURRENT_SITE', env('PATH_CURRENT_SITE') ?: '/');
Config::define('SITE_ID_CURRENT_SITE', env('SITE_ID_CURRENT_SITE') ?: 1);
Config::define('BLOG_ID_CURRENT_SITE', env('BLOG_ID_CURRENT_SITE') ?: 1);
...
1 Like

Thanks a lot for sharing :purple_heart:

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